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Unit 1-Introduction

History of Forensics

Basic Services Provided by Crime Laboratories

The Functions of the Forensic Scientist

Provision of Expert Testimony

Standard Procedure for Approaching a Crime Scene

Collecting Evidence

 

Unit 2-Physical Evidence

Types of Analysis

Common Types of Physical Evidence

         

Unit 3-Glass & Soil

Glass Fractures

Stress Marks

Successive Penetrations

Forensic Characteristics of Soil

Fluorescence

Soil Comparisons

Density Gradient Tubes

 

Unit 4-Fingerprints

Fundamental Principles of Fingerprints

Ridge Characteristics

Anatomy of Fingerprints

Loops

Whorls

Arches

Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS)

Crime-Scene Fingerprints

Dusting

Iodine Fuming

Ninhydrin Solution

Silver Nitrate

Other Ridge Patterns

Quick Reference Guide to Reading Prints


 

Unit 5-Hair & Fiber

Morphology of Hair

Cuticle Characteristics

Medullary Characteristics

Identification and Comparison of Hair

Frequently Asked Question about Hair

Fibers

Types of Fibers

 

Unit 6-Firearms

Handguns

Revolvers

Semiautomatic Pistols

Rifles

Shotguns

Other Firearms

Rifling

Caliber and Gauge

Firearm Terminology

Handgun Diagrams

 

Unit 7-Ammunition & Ballistics Analysis

Ammunition

Ammunition Design

Bullet Design

Bullet Compositions

Bullet Analysis & Comparison

Comparison Microscope

Cartridge Cases /

Gunpowder

Effect on Targets

Primer Residues on the Hands

Serial Number Restoration

 

Unit 8-Drugs & Paraphernalia

Dependence and Abuse

Narcotic Drugs

Hallucinogens

Depressants

Stimulants

Drug-Control Laws

Drug Schedules


 

Unit 9-Chemical Analysis

Drug Identification

Theory of Chromatography

Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC)

Color Test

Microcrystalline Test

Qualitative Analysis

Instrumental Analysis

Spectrophotometry

Mass Spectrometry

Spectrographic Analyzer

Automation

 

Unit 10-Bodies & Autopsies

Identifying Dead Bodies

Reconstructing the Unidentified (Medial Imposition)

The Coroner

Determining Cause of Death

In Home Deaths

Crime Scene Deaths

Vehicular Accidents

What Warrants an Autopsy?

Autopsies

Dress

 

External Examination

Disection of the Main Trunk

The Organs

Running the Gut

 

Removing the Brain 

 

Closing Up

 

Autopsy Report

 

Unit 11-DNA & Typing

What Is DNA?

Base Pairs

VNTR

Forensic DNA Testing

RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism)

PCR (Polymorphism Chain Reaction)

STR (Short Tandem Repeat) or SSR (Simple Sequence Repeats)

mtDNA (Mitochondrial DNA)

DNA Testing-At a Glance

CODIS

Matching DNA Tests

Reading DNA Tests


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